Horticulture has over the years emerged as an indispensable part of Agriculture by offering wide range of crop diversification choices to farmers and providing opportunities for sustaining large number of agro-industries which have created employment opportunities to semi-skilled and unskilled labour force. In fact, Horticulture as a sub-sector is a revelation - benefiting from an impressive base has shown remarkable signs of progress in Telangana.
Horticulture has been identified as one of the “focus sectors” for development of the state. In Telangana, Horticulture is a significant contributor to the economy.
An important trend observed in the recent years is that horticulture development has not only picked up in rural areas but also spread into urban areas and from traditional agricultural enterprise to the corporate sector. This trend has led to the adoption of improved technology, greater commercialization and professionalism in the management of production and marketing. As a result, there is a perceptible change in the concept of horticulture development in the State. A large number of concessions, assistance and incentives are being provided to the growers, processors and exporters by State and Central Governments.
The horticulture crops are grown in an area of 12.14 lakh Acres with a production of 38.70 lakh MTs.
Horticulture sector contributes approximately 40.5% to Agriculture GSDP of the state.
3. STRATEGIES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF HORTICULTURE
- Increase in production and productivity for sustainable horticulture through rejuvenation of old orchards, organic farming and supply of improved and hybrid varieties instead of traditional varieties.
- Protected Cultivation technologies and practices seek to enhance the productivity & economics of crop production in horticulture crops by controlling specific parameters.
- Development of Post-Harvest infrastructure like pre-cooling, cold-storages, ripening chambers, refer vans, value addition centers etc.
- Facilitating processing, value addition, marketing and exports.
- Efficient and effective utilization of water & fertilizers through Micro Irrigation and
construction of Farm Ponds.
- Mechanization in Horticulture operation to help in ease of operation,
reduce drudgery and to help in achieving higher efficiency.
4. FOCUSED AREAS UNDER HORTICULTURE
- Emphasis on Knowledge inputs :
This includes training programmes, field visits, distribution of literature. Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for rapid dissemination of knowledge.
- Focused adoption of modern technologies:
Tissue culture plants, plug seedlings, hybrid seeds, micro irrigation systems, green houses, Fertigation, Market linkages etc.
- Evolving sustainable farming practices: Organic farming, vermicomposting, use of bio-pesticides, multistoried cropping/ inter- cropping, ultra high density & high density plantations.
- Emphasis on post production technologies
Infrastructure creation of post harvest facilities, processing facilities, value addition.
- Emphasis on marketing: Market based horticulture, exploring new markets.
6. MONITORING MECHANISM AND PUBLIC INFORMATION SYSTEM
- Department has developed website http://horticulture.tg.nic.in. All the departmental programmes / activities along performance are updated and displayed.
- Government has issued Citizen Charter for good governance in horticulture department vide G.O.Rt.No. 390, Agri. & Coop. (Horti.) Dept., dt. 08-05-2003 to ensure accountability and transparency and to deliver quality public service.
- Departmental programmes / activities are discussed at the Zilla Parishad (ZPs)/ Mandal Parishad (MPs) meetings and other co-ordination meetings with allied departments in the districts.
- Review and monitoring of programmes and activities in DDRC meeting at district level where officials and public representatives participate.
- Review and monitoring at state level through state level meetings, fortnightly video conferences and supervisory officers nominated for the specific districts.
- Online information and monitoring through E-mails.
- Planning and monitoring of the programmes by the Collector and District Magistrate (DMC) concerned under the chairmanship of the District Collector, wherein the progressive farmers are also members.
- Online payment of subsidy under State Horticulture Mission (SHM)
schemes through HORTNET to the beneficiary accounts
- In Telangana State Micro Irrigation Project (TSMIP) online filing up of beneficiary applications by HEO’s and approval of district collector for payment of 10% advance to the Micro Irrigation companies through TATA Consultancy Services (TCS) software is in practice.
7.MAJOR SCHEMES IMPLEMENTED BY THE DEPARTMENT
The Department of Horticulture is implementing various schemes both under state and central sector with main thrust on core programmes to give a boost to horticulture sector and to tap available potential for the development of horticulture sector in the State. The major programmes are
HORTNET – “A COMPLETE SOLUTION TO HORTICULTURE ACTIVITY”
1. HORTNET was started in the year 2008-09 by NIC, backlog data since 2005-06 to 2009-10 has been prepared and given to NIC to upload at HORTNET.
2. The documentation of schemes was done manually and the subsidies were released to the beneficiaries through cheques till 2012-13.
3. The software developed by the NIC is being utilized from 2013-14, for uploading the data, release of subsidies to the beneficiaries through Electronic Fund Transfer System.
4. State level work shop cum Hands-on-Training and District level Hands-on-Training programme have been organized time to time.
5. In the year 2013-14, AP (combined state) was first state to initiate Central Fund Management System (CFMS) module for DBT in HORTNET. After successful transfer of 5 beneficiaries on 31st December, 2013. It is decided to transfer the other subsidy also.
6. Since then Subsidy directly transferred to Farmer’s A/C using DBT with secured way in the Telangana State.
1. To ensure transparency and accountability in implementation of NHM programmes the GoI has decided to provide HORTNET from 2013-14 onwards.
2. HORTNET is one stop, multitenant integrated online work flow automation solution to the requirements of MIDH and other stakeholders besides farmers.
1. Online Registration of application
2. Counseling by Horticulture Officer (HO)
3. Preliminary ADH Approval
4. Scheme Finalization by HO
5. Estimate Generation by HO
6. DHM Approval taken by Asst. Director of Horticulture (ADH) (Physical)
7. Verification and work stages by HOs
8. Financial Proceeding (Generated by ADH)
9. District Horticulture Mission (DHM) Approval taken by ADH (Financial)
10. Verification & approval at Head Office
11. Release subsidy online to Beneficiaries Account using DBT
1. Online filing at HORTNET Portal by Farmer directly (hortnet.gov.in)
2. Registration & Scheme filing from anywhere across the globe
3. Personal counseling is possible and reasons for rejection, if any, is recorded
4. Farmer can have information on entire departmental schemes
5. Information is instantaneous accessible to all level officers (District/ State/ NHM) of each applicant
6. Total transparency is possible.
7. Status of the application can be known by Farmer from any where
8. Uniform hassle-free online transfer of subsidy to Farmer’s Bank Account through Electronic Fund Transfer (EFT).
9. Reports are available online
10. Enables dynamic generation of Reports
11. Eliminates duplicacy
12. HORTNET Portal is user friendly i.e. any person can see Stage-wise Report without User-Id & Password.
HORTNET – Mandatory Fields :
1. Beneficiary Name
2. Survey Number
3. Adhaar Card
4. Bank Details (1. Bank Name, 2. Branch, 3. IFSC Code & 4. Account No.)
5. Mobile Number
6. Beneficiary – Passport Size Photograph
7. Field Photograph